The flower starts as a long tube, then the petals slowly unwrap and open to form the frangipani flower we all know and love. The flowers give off their fragrance in the morning and in the evening. Infrequently, individuals can grow to be 7.6 m (25 ft).  Widely available in nurseries, frangipanis are readily propagated by cuttings of branches taken in cooler months and left to dry for a week or more. Plumeria alba has white flowers. It can also be found in rocky forests, mountain slopes, and even occasionally on plains or savannas. The leaves are a glossy dark green, long and oval. , They are deciduous, falling in the cooler months of the year. How Plumeria Rubra is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. 12. The sap of the plant is used as a laxative and is a remedy for bloating and stomachaches.  In Myanmar, it is referred to as mawk-sam-ka, mawk-sam-pailong, and sonpabataing.  It has been introduced both in China and Pakistan and has been naturalized in the Analamanga & Betsiboka regions of Madagascar. @plantladylin added, "Plumeria obtusa, also known as Singapore White has large glossy green leaves and large white flowers with a yellow center. Native Introduced Native and Introduced.  P. rubra is also reported to contain agoniadin, plumierid, plumeric acid, cerotinic acid, and lupeol, and the stem possesses an alkaloid called triterpinoid.  Another name it has in Portuguese is flor-de-Santo-Antônio.  Established plants are also very salt tolerant and tolerate even salt-laden winds. In the mainland United States, it tolerates USDA Hardiness zones 10B to 11 (southern coastal California and the southern tip of Florida). Others say 3, 4 or more. The species is cultivated around the world in subtropical and tropical climates. They are obovate, or teardrop-shaped. Â As the name suggests, these flowers only come in shades of pink and white, although I am sure there are frangipani fanciers somewhere working on some new cultivars! Plumeria Pudica are very easy to grow, and bloom heavily for a long time. The most commonly cultivated plumeria species are white frangipani (Plumeria alba), nosegay (Plumeria rubra) and pagoda tree (Plumeria obtusa).  In China, it has the common name ji dan hua, and in the United States, it is referred to as nosegay.  They are also used to make a scented oil in many Pacific islands that include Hawaii. , Plumeria rubra is an important crop in Hawaii, with over 14 million flowers were sold to be used in leis there in 2005. Its specific epithet is derived from the Latin ruber "red". Plumeria Caracasana is a large tree with spoon shaped leaves (similar to Pudica) with very large flowers.  These plants grow best in dry to medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun and will bloom throughout most of the year in tropical areas. The plumeria genus is composed of five or more species although nearly all cultivars are considered part of species P. rubra or P. obtusa. List of various diseases cured by Plumeria Rubra. , In Cambodia, as with other Plumeria species, P. rubra flowers is used for necklaces, as offerings to deities or as decoration for coffins. The Plumeria Obtusa is also known as the evergreen frangipani, Â as, in the right climate, they will keep their leaves all year round. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. The flower petals of a Plumeria Stenophylla are also very long and thin, and have a wider gap between each petal than a Plumeria Rubra. The petals on a Plumeria Obtusa flower are rounder than those of Plumeria Rubra, and they tend to bend over backwards at the very tips. , The USDA Forestry Service lists Plumeria rubra as a poisonous plant and warns against touching or eating any part of the plant. Thank you! The bark contains faint purplish streaks and the wood is hard and compact with a very fine texture. It is cultivated in the tropical regions of the world, and is perhaps naturalized in some parts of India. It causes a brownish or orange powdery coating or blistering of leaves. We will see. It is also referred to as champa in Pakistan. I have no idea what the species [or cultivar] names are for the enormous variety of non-red flowering Plumeria, but most will not be P. rubra. Copyright © 2016 All Things Frangipani. , The species is cultivated around the world in subtropical and tropical climates. In the United Kingdom it has gained the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit. P. rubra typically exhibit red-toned colors, although the colors can vary greatly. Named selections represent the species Plumeria obtusa, Plumeria rubra, or hybrids of the two. The flowers are terminal, appearing at the ends of branches over the summer. Obtusa plumerias are considered to be evergreen and have rounded shiny leaves that are dark green in color while the rubras are decidous,(lose their leaves in winter), and they have duller green pointed leaves.  The large green leaves can reach 30 to 50 cm (12 to 20 in) long and are arranged alternately and clustered at the end of the branches.The boles of these plants can be up to 25 cm in the wild. As this article is for the everyday gardener to help them identify what type of frangipani they have seen, not for the scientist or expert, I'll describe the four main types of frangipani or plumeria that you are likely to find in your garden or local nurseries. Plumeria obtusa has white blooms centered in yellow and is variable in form and color. a.k.a. Candy Stripe. Propagation is by cuttings. Plumeria Obtusa are smaller plants than Plumeria Rubra and grow only to the size of a medium to large shrub (depending on your climate). The fragrant flowers are either white or shades of red/pink. The flowers and bark of it are also used in traditional Chinese medicine in the treatment of fever, bacillary dysentery, pertussis and so on. Fast-growing, Plumeria obtusa (Singapore Plumeria) is a small rounded tree boasting sweetly fragrant white flowers, 3 in. Similar plants: Plumeria Alba (Dwarf Plumeria) Plumeria cubanensis; Plumeria montana (Whita Plumeria) Plumeria obtusa (Singapore Plumeria) Plumeria pudica (Bridal bouquet) Plumeria rubra Pink (Frangipani, Temple tree, Calachuchi) Plumeria … If the plumeria you have seen or heard of is not listed here, it may be one of the more popular hybrids such as Plumeria Stenopetala, Plumeria Tuberculata or Plumeria Caracasana. The branches are somewhat brittle and when broken, ooze a white latex that can be irritating to the skin and mucous membranes. This latex found in the stem of the plants is in fact toxic, but not deadly unless present in large quantities. It has been found growing everywhere in Myanmar except in very cool mountainous regions. Fragrant – The flowers are very fragrant and are often made into leis or worn in the hair. , Coleosporium plumeriae, known as plumeria rust or frangipani rust, is a fungus which attacks young leaves of P. rubra. Plants Consultation Plant Order Form. , In temperate areas P. rubra must be grown under glass, in a large conservatory or similar, as it does not tolerate temperatures below 10 °C (50 °F). It’s deciduous, with fragrant flowers, usually white, but also found in yellow, pink, orange and red. It has been recorded from Hawaii and the east coast of Australia. , Its native range extends from central Mexico south through Central America to Colombia and Venezuela in South America. The leaves of this species are used in the care of sores and made into soothing infusions. Often profuse and very prominent, they are strongly fragrant, and have five petals. The wood takes a high polish. Plumerias generally start to flower in late spring and continue to flower all summer holding their flowers in bouquets at the end of their stems. A Plumeria Rubra can grow to 5m tall and almost as wide. Company Services. It grows to approximately 2.5m.  In the Cook Islands, it is known as tipani. Plumeria obtusa 'Dwarf Deciduous', an easy to grow plumeria, produces white flowers with a golden center.  In Cambodia it is given the names châmpéi krahâ:m (also romanised as krahom, meaning 'red'), or châmpéi slük sruëch, while the French term for the species is frangipanier à fleurs rouges. Plumeria Stenophylla is a well shaped bushy shrub with a long lasting flower display. The fragrance of the flowers is strong and reminds one of citrus. The leaves of Plumeria Rubra are 10-42 cm long and 4-14 cm wide with the widest point at the center or tip of the leaf blade. There are numerous varieties in a wide range of colors. The leaves from a Plumeria Rubra are long and oval and have quite a pointed end. Frangipani is a common name for Plumeria rubra, which is the red-flowered plumeria [see the first picture I posted]. Plumeria Pudica is a medium sized tree with profuse branching. These plants grow best in dry to medium moisture, well-drained soils in ful… , P. rubra possesses fulvoplumierin, an antibiotic that inhibits the growth of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Plumeria is one of … Plumeria Plant Sales. In Australia, it is widely seen in cultivation in Sydney and Perth and warmer frost free climates northwards. Frangipani is well-known for its intensely fragrant, lovely, spiral-shaped, reddish blooms which appear at branch tips June through November.  It is also grown in Hawaii to an altitude of 2000 m. They tolerate a wide variety of soils, from acid to alkaline and sandy to clay. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Plumeria obtusa . We are concerned with the flower, the leaf, and the plant as a whole.  In Sri Lanka, it is known as araliya in Sinhalese. One of the best cultivars is ‘Bill Moragne Snr’, pictured below, named after the father of Plumeria breeding who worked in … Plumeria rubra is a deciduous plant species belonging to the genus Plumeria. "Botanica. Well, hopefully this little guide will help you identify what type of frangipani you have in your garden, or have spied in a neighbour's garden. In Australia, it is widely seen in cultivation in Sydney and Perth and warmer frost free climates northwards. Again, they are generally only available in shades of white or cream, however a new pink cultivar has just been released. Other species include Plumeria alba which have white flowers, and Plumeria obtusa which have yellow flowers. Plumeria Stenophylla leaves are very long and thin, not unlike an oleander. The genus name honors Charles Plumier, who was a French monk of the Franciscan order, and a botanist.  It has a thick succulent trunk and sausage-like blunt branches covered with a thin grey bark. This fragrance is similar to that of rose, citrus, and cinnamon. It occupies elevations of 500 to 1000 meters but can be found up to elevations of 1500 meters. Plumeria rubra is a deciduous plant species belonging to the genus Plumeria. Plumeria Plumeria obtusa, P. rubra.  Originally native to Mexico, Central America, Colombia and Venezuela, it has been widely cultivated in subtropical and tropical climates worldwide and is a popular garden and park plant, as well as being used in temples and cemeteries. - The two Plumeria species in this compilation are Plumeria rubra (P. acuminata, P. acutifolia, Kalachuchi) and P. obtusa (white kalachuchi, Kalatsutsing-puti). Leaves and flowers of P. obtusa differ from those of P. rubra. , More specifically, P. rubra is cultivated in the lowlands and the Yungas in Bolivia, the coastal and Andean regions of Ecuador, and the Amazonian and Andean regions of Peru, where it inhabits disturbed areas. Könemann, 2004. The flowers are also used in the treatment of asthma. Plumeria Stenophylla. The most common frangipani is the Plumeria Rubra. , On the Molokai island in the Hawaiian archipelago, P. rubra is cultivated in order to produce neck garlands (leis). The plant has been known to promote digestion and excretion, along with respiratory and immune functions. If you are familiar with Plumeria Rubra and Plumeria Obtusa, your first glance at the leaves on a Plumeria Stenophylla will have you totally confused! Plumeria Obtusa Plumeria Rubra Other Tropicals Adenium Pages. Plumeria Obtusa are smaller plants than Plumeria Rubra and grow only to the size of a medium to large shrub (depending on your climate). P. obtusa leaves are pointed and oval, up to 18 centimeters long, with tubular flowers. As with Plumeria Obtusa, they are generally only available in shades of white or cream, but it's probably only a matter of time before more vibrant colours become available. White Frangipani. The name comes from Nahuatl and means “crow’s flower”. For many, plumeria (Plumeria rubra and plumeria obtusa), also known as frangipani, brings to mind exotic vacations and visions of far-flung island destinations.The trees’ decadently scented, vibrantly hued flowers are also prominent in Hindu, Balinese, Buddhist and Indian cultures and carry symbolic importance, including wealth, immortality, everlasting love and the sheltering of spirits. While Plumeria rubra has more pointed flowers and leaves, Plumeria obtusa flowers and leaves have rounded edges." The plumeria on the left is a rubra named Penang Peach and has an amazing coco butter/cinnamon scent. Plumeria Stenopetala is actually a hybrid cross between a Plumeria StenophyllaÂ and an unknown plumeria. Plumeria is named after Charles Plumier, a seventeenth-century French botanist who described several tropical species. Branches are upright and rather crowded on the trunk forming a vase or umbrella shape with age. The leaves are a glossy dark green, long and oval. The ends of the leaves, however, are more rounded than those of the Plumeria Rubra. The ends of the leaves, however, are more rounded than those of the Plumeria Rubra. The genus contains 8 species of mainly deciduous shrubs and trees, originally from Central America, known for their strongly fragrant flowers.  The term melia is a Hawaiian one. It is known by many names in Brazil, including jasmim-de-caiena, jasmin-do-pará, and jasmin-manga. Plumeria alba (white) Plumeria obtusa (white with yellow center) Plumeria obtusa 'Singapore' Plumeria 'Nosegay Frangipani' Plumeria rubra 'Tricolor' The hot new Plumeria in South Florida is the Plumeria pudica. There are other species and cultivars. Beloved by so many, Plumeria rubra (Frangipani) is a deciduous shrub or small tree of vase or umbrella shape with fleshy, succulent branches boasting highly fragrant, spiral-shaped, yellow-centered pink to red flowers, 4 in. 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